Estonian Manors
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Kolga / Kolk
Old Manor, New Life
Architectural style: Classicism
Region: North-Estonia
County: Harjumaa
Address: Kolga alevik, Kuusalu vald, 74602
Phone: +372 6077177, +372 53332299
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Kolga manor was the largest manor in Estonia. With its 50000 hectares of land and many other smaller manors nearby, such as Kiiu and Kõnnu, all in all it was almost the size of some smaller German duchies. It was already founded as a manor in the 13th century and belonged to the Cistercian monastery, located on the Swedish island of Gotland. In 1581 Sweden’s King Johan III presented it to his army commander, Pontus de la Gardie. Through marriage, the manor changed hands from this well-known Swedish family to the Stenbocks who were the owners until the land reforms of 1920. In 1993 the grandiose mansion was returned to the Stenbocks. The building’s history has had many phases: the stone building, built in de la Gardie’s time, has remained intact among the other buildings. Between 1765 and 1768 ,Count Karl Magnus Stenbock had a late-Baroque central section with a high roof built. Wings were added in the 1820s, as was a portico with six pillars. There are additional buildings with two inner courts. The Stenbock family is one of the most famous Swedish families. Their forefather, Field Marshal Magnus von Stenbock, was one of the most influential people in Sweden alongside King Karl XII. Generally known as humane masters, his grandson Carl Magnus von Stenbock became notorious for permitting 1200 farmers from his manor to be deported to Ukraine in the 18th century. Among all the family members bearing military titles, there were also those with a different destiny, such as Eric von Stenbock, bohemian poet and a friend of Oscar Wilde, who died at a young age in England. Today the manor is in the hands of Finnish relatives of the Stenbock family. Even if most of the buildings are in ruins, the manor still leaves a powerful impression Next to the main house, in the former stable, is a cosy hotel (with 20 double rooms) and conference rooms are located in the manager's house. The main building houses the village shop and a rural restaurant.
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